Perencanaan Bangunan Pelindung Pantai di Kawasan Pantai Pesaren Belinyu Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung

Planning of Coastal Protective Buildings in Pesaren Belinyu Coastal Area, Bangka Belitung Islands Province

  • Atiqoh Dwi Lestari Jurusan Teknik Sipil; Fakultas Teknik; Universitas Bangka Belitung; Gedung Dharma Pendidikan Kampus Terpadu Universitas Bangka Belitung, Balunijuk, Kabupaten Bangka, Indonesia
  • Endang Setyawati Hisyam Jurusan Teknik Sipil; Fakultas Teknik; Universitas Bangka Belitung; Gedung Dharma Pendidikan Kampus Terpadu Universitas Bangka Belitung, Balunijuk, Kabupaten Bangka, Indonesia
  • Indra Gunawan Jurusan Teknik Sipil; Fakultas Teknik; Universitas Bangka Belitung; Gedung Dharma Pendidikan Kampus Terpadu Universitas Bangka Belitung, Balunijuk, Kabupaten Bangka, Indonesia
Keywords: abrasion, application, breakwater, coastal protective building, Pesaren beach

Abstract

Pesaren beach is one of the beaches in Bintet Village, Belinyu District, Bangka Belitung Islands Province, where this beach has been functioned as a tourist area as well as a boat port for fishermen. A frequent problem in Pesaren beach is the abrasion that causes damage to local infrastructure; hence, a coastal protection plan is needed to prevent further losses. This research aims to find out the pattern of currents and sediments using the auxiliary applications, as well as to determine and plan the type of coastal protective building that is appropriate with the Pesaren beach conditions. Based on planning analysis, the dominant cause of abrasion is large waves from the north, as well as other factors, i.e., the direction of currents and sediments dominant that perpendicular to the coast; therefore, the type and shape of selected coastal protective buildings were proposed with the following specifications: breakwater with a height (HT) of 5.2 m, peak width (lp) of 1.5 m, total base width (b) of 26.7 m,  breakwater (ly) length of 350 m, protection layer width (t) of 1 m, number of stones per 10 m² (N) of 86 grains, weight of main layer stone grains (W) of 0.179 tons, weight of second-tier stone grains (W/10) of 0.0179 tons, weight of stone grains at the core of the structure (W/200) of 0.000895 tons, and weight of breakwater foot grains (W/15) of 0.0119 tons.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aspirasipos.com. (2021). Abrasi Pantai Pesaren Memprihatinkan, Air Laut Pasang Masuk Rumah Warga. https://aspirasipos.com/abrasi-pantai-pesaren-memprihatinkan-air-laut-pasang-masuk-rumah-warga/

Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) Pangkalpinang. (2021). Data Angin. https://dataonline.bmkg.go.id/home

Google Maps. (2021). Peta Lokasi Pantai Pasaren. https://www.google.com/maps/place/,/@-1.5246326,105.8528285,14z

Hatta, M. P., Thaha, A., & Dharmawan, A. (2018). Pengaruh Kondisi Hidrodinamika Pantai Tarowang Terhadap Penentu Tipe Pengaman Pantai. Jurnal Keteknikan Dan Sains, 2(1), 17–21.

Lestari, I., Hisyam, E. S., & Gunawan, I. (2018). Analisis Efisiensi Pemecah Gelombang Kondisi Eksisting Dibandingkan Dengan Material Batu Bulat Halus. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat, 225–231. https://journal.ubb.ac.id/index.php/snppm/article/view/626

Maritim.bmkg.go.id. (2021). Saran Keselamatan Berlayar. https://maritim.bmkg.go.id/info/37/Saran-Keselamatan-Berlayar

Putri, T. S., Sukri, A. S., & Sina, M. I. (2019). Pemodelan Karakteristik Gelombang Dengan Surface Water Modeling System (SMS) Pada Pantai Pulau Maginti. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Sipil, 3(7), 319–330.

Rizal, N. F. T., Jansen, T., & Thambas, A. H. (2021). Perencanaan Pemecah Gelombang (Breakwater) Di Daerah Pantai Desa Saonek Kabupaten Raja Ampat Provinsi Papua Barat. Jurnal Sipil Statik, 9(4).

Triadmojo, B. (1999). Teknik Pantai. Beta Ofset.

Wurjanto, A., & Ajiwibowo, A. (2020). Analisis Hidrodinamika di Perairan Lemong Kabupaten Lampung Barat Provinsi Lampung Menggunakan Piranti SMS. Journal of Science and Technology, 13(2), 154–163.

Yogaswara, G. M., & Indrayanti, E., & Setiyono, H. (2016). Pola Arus Permukaan di Perairan Pulau Tidung, Kepulauan Seribu, Provinsi DKI Jakarta pada Musim Peralihan (Maret-Mei). Journal of Oceanography, 5(2), 227–233.
Published
2022-07-14